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Science in the News



Acute cannabis consumption and motor vehicle collision risk: systematic review of observational studies and meta-analysis
BMJ    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Acute cannabis consumption is associated with an increased risk of a motor vehicle crash, especially for fatal collisions. This information could be used as the basis for campaigns against drug impaired driving, developing regional or national policies to control acute drug use while driving, and raising public awareness. More



NVAC approves recommendations on health worker flu vaccination
CIDRAP    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
An advisory group to the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) today approved a set of voluntary measures designed to boost flu vaccination in health care workers. The five-part recommendation, designed to offer hospitals and other health facilities strategies for reaching the Healthy People 2020 goal that 90 percent of health care workers be vaccinated against influenza, was adopted by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC), a group of outside experts who advise the HHS on vaccine policy issues. More

Occupational exposure to formaldehyde in an institute of morphology in Brazil: a comparison of area and personal sampling
PubMed    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Formaldehyde (FA) is a harmful chemical, which is classified as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Solutions of FA that are used to preserve cadavers in research and education morphological institutes represent a risk to occupational health of professionals and students. During the dissection of cadavers in the anatomy laboratories, FA vapors are emitted, resulting in the exposure of students and their instructors to elevated levels of FA. More

Predictors of dermal exposures to polycyclic aromatic compounds among hot-mix asphalt paving workers
The Annals of Occupational Hygiene    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The primary objective of this study was to identify the source and work practices that affect dermal exposure to polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) among hot-mix asphalt (HMA) paving workers. More

SYSTOC® - Comprehensive Occupational Health Software
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Exposure assessment of tetrafluoroethylene and ammonium perfluorooctanoate 1951-2002
PubMed    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The purpose of this study is to develop a method to reconstruct exposure to tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) and ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) in plants producing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) in the absence of suitable objective measurements. These data were used to inform an epidemiological study being carried out to investigate possible risks in workers employed in the manufacture of PTFE and to study trends in exposure over time. More

Risk of non-accidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: A Canadian national-level cohort study
Environmental Health Perspectives    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Few cohort studies have evaluated the risk of mortality associated with long-term exposure to fine particulate matter. This is the first national-level cohort study to investigate these risks in Canada. This study investigated the association between long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 and cardiovascular mortality in non-immigrant Canadian adults. More

Occupational causes of sarcoidosis
PubMed    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Sarcoidosis, the multiorgan granulomatous disease of unknown cause, remains mysterious. Several important investigations in the past two years add to the accumulating evidence for both occupational and environmental causes of granulomatous inflammation. More

NIH study links high levels of cadmium, lead in blood to pregnancy delay
NIH News    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Higher blood levels of cadmium in females, and higher blood levels of lead in males, delayed pregnancy in couples trying to become pregnant, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other academic research institutions. Cigarette smoke is the most common source of exposure to cadmium, a toxic metal found in the earth's crust, which is used in batteries, pigments, metal coatings and plastics. Smokers are estimated to have twice the levels of cadmium as do non-smokers. Exposure also occurs in workplaces where cadmium-containing products are made, and from the air near industrial facilities that emit cadmium.
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EPA releases final health assessment for tetrachloroethylene (Perc) / public health protections remain in place
EPA    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has posted the final health assessment for tetrachloroethylene – also known as perchloroethylene, or perc – to EPA's Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database. Perc is a chemical solvent widely used in the dry cleaning industry. It is also used in the cleaning of metal machinery and to manufacture some consumer products and other chemicals. Confirming longstanding scientific understanding and research, the final assessment characterizes perc as a "likely human carcinogen." The assessment provides estimates for both cancer and non-cancer effects associated with exposure to perc over a lifetime. More

Heart disease may be a risk factor for prostate cancer
Duke Health    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
In a large analysis of men participating in a prostate drug trial, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute found a significant correlation between coronary artery disease and prostate cancer, suggesting the two conditions may have shared causes. If confirmed that heart disease is a risk factor for prostate cancer, the malignancy might be combated in part by lifestyle changes such as weight loss, exercise and a healthy diet, which are known to prevent heart disease More


Science in the News is brought to you as an information service. The articles contained herein do not necessarily represent the views of ACOEM.

Science in the News
Colby Horton, Vice President of Publishing, 469.420.2633   Download media kit
Jennifer Maddox, Senior Content Editor, 469.420.2613   Contribute news
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