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Home   Conferences   Member Center   Publications   Policies   Career Development May 18, 2010
Science in the News

Working overtime may hurt the heart
MedPage Today    Share   Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
British civil servants working three to four hours longer than usual per day appear to have an increased risk of having a coronary heart disease event, a prospective cohort study showed. After accounting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors and other variables, those working 11 to 12 hours per day had a 56 percent greater risk of coronary death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or angina than those who worked normal hours, according to Marianna Virtanen, PhD, of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in Helsinki, and colleagues. More

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Caffeine helps shift workers avoid mistakes
HealthDay    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Good news for javaholics: A new review suggests that caffeine consumption can help night-shift workers avoid making mistakes. At least 15 percent of workers in industrialized countries are thought to be engaged in shift work or permanent nighttime work, which can disrupt their body clocks. Some suffer from shift-work disorder, in which they only sleep for short periods of time and become sleepy on the job, boosting the risk of errors, the researchers explained. More

Study shows benefits of treating sleep apnea in truck drivers
ACOEM    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
For commercial motor vehicle drivers with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), effective treatment lowers health care costs and disability rates, reports a study in the May Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM). More

Pesticides linked to ADHD in kids
MedPage Today    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Children with greater exposure to organophosphate pesticides appear to have an increased risk of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a cross-sectional study showed. A 10-fold increase in the concentration of the most common dialkyl phosphate metabolites -- a measure of organophosphate exposure -- was associated with a 1.55-fold increase in the odds of having ADHD, according to Maryse Bouchard, PhD, of the University of Montreal, and colleagues. More

Butter-flavor substitutes also raise alarms
The Columbus Dispatch    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Stung by lawsuits, consumer complaints and politicians' calls for action, many food producers have stopped using a flavoring additive that's been linked to a debilitating, irreversible lung condition found in workers at popcorn factories. It turns out, though, that some of the chemicals used in place of the additive, diacetyl, might be just as dangerous - if not more so. More

Acute antimicrobial pesticide-related illnesses among workers in health care facilities
CDC via MMWR    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Antimicrobial pesticides are chemicals used to destroy or suppress the growth of harmful microorganisms on inanimate objects and surfaces. Health care facilities use antimicrobial pesticides to prevent pathogen transmission from contaminated environmental surfaces. Occupational exposures to antimicrobial pesticides are known to cause adverse health effects. To assess the nature and frequency of such exposures in health care settings, CDC analyzed data from pesticide poisoning surveillance programs in California, Louisiana, Michigan, and Texas (the only four states that regularly collect data on antimicrobial pesticide-related illness) for the period 2002 - 2007. More

Growing evidence links air pollution to heart disease, death
OH&S Online    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail
The scientific evidence linking air pollution to heart attacks, strokes and, cardiovascular death has "substantially strengthened," and people, particularly those at high cardiovascular risk, should limit their exposure, according to an updated American Heart Association scientific statement. The evidence is strongest for fine particulate matter (PM2.5) having a causal relationship to cardiovascular disease, said the expert panel of authors who updated the association's 2004 initial statement on air pollution, also published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. More

Workers behind China's economic miracle are paying a heavy price
BMJ    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A conservative estimate of the number of workers in China with occupation related pneumoconiosis puts the figure at 1 million, many of whom are migrant workers, and who are routinely denied access to compensation, says a report by the Hong Kong based non-government organization, China Labour Bulletin. More

FMCSA launches pre-employment screening program
FMCSA    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The U.S. Department of Transportation's Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has launched its Pre-Employment Screening Program (PSP), which allows commercial motor carrier companies to electronically access driver inspection and crash records as a part of the hiring process. More

Review of OSHA's Methylene Chloride standard shows value to worker protection
OSHA    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
OSHA's recent review of the agency's Methylene Chloride standard indicates the standard is succeeding in protecting workers from the effects of methylene chloride exposure such as respiratory and central nervous system failure and cancer. More

Final health screening report released in polycythemia vera investigation
ATSDR    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry has released its final report regarding the Community Health Screening for the JAK2 genetic marker. This is the first time large scale screening for this JAK2 genetic mutation has been done in the United States. The frequency of the mutation in the general population is not known. The federal Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) conducted the screenings in partnership with the Pennsylvania Department of Health and Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. More

Interphone study reports on mobile phone use and brain cancer risk
IARC    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The Interphone Study Group published their results in the International Journal of Epidemiology. The paper presents the results of analyses of brain tumour (glioma and meningioma) risk in relation to mobile phone use in all Interphone study centers combined. This interview-based case-control study, which included 2708 glioma and 2409 meningioma cases and matched controls was conducted in 13 countries using a common protocol. Analyses of brain tumours in relation to mobile phone use have been reported from a number of cohort and casecontrol studies, including several of the national components of Interphone. No studies, however, have included as many exposed cases, particularly long-term and heavy users of mobile phones, as this study. More

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Science in the News is brought to you as an information service. The articles contained herein do not necessarily represent the views of ACOEM.
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