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Science in the News

Characterization of noise and carbon monoxide exposures among professional firefighters in British Columbia, Canada
The Annals of Occupational Hygiene    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The purpose of this study was to characterize exposures to noise and carbon monoxide (CO) among firefighters in British Columbia, Canada. Subjects were recruited from 13 fire halls across three municipalities in Metro Vancouver. Personal full-shift noise and CO samples were collected using datalogging noise dosimeters and CO monitors on both day and night shifts. Determinants of exposure (DoE) information were recorded by trained research staff and hygienists through direct observation during the measurement period. More

Vaccine adverse effects: IOM report releases Aug. 25
The National Academies    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Vaccines have dramatically reduced illnesses and deaths due to infectious diseases over the past century. However, no pharmaceutical product is completely without risk and some people have experienced health problems associated with immunization. Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality, a new report from the Institute of Medicine, presents a comprehensive synthesis of the scientific evidence about the potential risks of eight vaccines covered by the federal Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. The report identifies some risks that are linked to vaccines as well as some effects that are not caused by immunizations.

Work-related allergy in medical doctors: atopy, exposure to domestic animals, eczema induced by common chemicals and membership of the surgical profession as potential risk factors
PubMed    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with work-related allergy-like symptoms in medical doctors. More

Cigarette smoking implicated in half of bladder cancers in women
NIH News    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Current cigarette smokers have a higher risk of bladder cancer than previously reported, and the risk in women is now comparable to that in men, according to a study by scientists from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health. The report was published on Aug. 16, 2011, in the Journal of the American Medical Association. More

Lung cancer mortality in a cohort of UK cotton workers: an extended follow-up
PubMed    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A recent systematic review and meta-analysis suggested that occupational exposure to endotoxins protects against lung cancer. To explore this hypothesis further, the follow-up of mortality of a cohort of 3551 workers, who were employed in the British cotton industry during 1966-1971, was extended by 23 years. More

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Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel - United States, 2010-11 influenza season
CDC via MMWR    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee recommend that all U.S. health care personnel (HCP) be vaccinated annually against influenza. Nonetheless, influenza vaccination coverage among HCP in the United States has increased slowly over the past decade; during the 2009-10 influenza season, 61.9 percent of HCP received seasonal influenza vaccination. More

Case-control study of shift-work and breast cancer risk in Danish nurses: Impact of shift systems
PubMed    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Working outside normal daytime hours is increasing worldwide and is now one of the most widespread potential carcinogenic occupational exposures. There is sufficient evidence in experimental animals that light exposure during the biologic night increases tumour growth and limited epidemiologic evidence that night shift-work cause breast cancer. Existing studies had crude definitions of shift-work and did not discriminate between shift-work systems (e.g. permanent versus rotating or evening versus night). More

Childhood cancer survivors in poor health at greater risk for unemployment in adulthood
National Cancer Institute    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Childhood cancer survivors with poor physical health and neurocognitive deficits are more likely to be unemployed or work part-time in adulthood, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Research to date has indicated that while more children with cancer are surviving, the treatments received can place them at risk for health complications later in life, which may impact their ability to work, according to the study. More
Science in the News is brought to you as an information service. The articles contained herein do not necessarily represent the views of ACOEM.
Science in the News
Colby Horton, Vice President of Publishing, 469.420.2633   Download media kit
Jennifer Maddox, Senior Content Editor, 469.420.2613   Contribute news
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