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Science in the News

Risk of cervical cancer among female autoworkers exposed to metalworking fluids
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Cervical cancer is caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). However, only a small proportion of women infected with HPV, progress to cervical cancer. Other co-factors must therefore be necessary to cause cervical cancer. We examined cervical cancer in relation to occupational exposure to metalworking fluids (MWF), which are complex mixtures containing several known carcinogens. More

Integration of biological monitoring, environmental monitoring and computational modelling into the interpretation of pesticide exposure data: Introduction to a proposed approach
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Open field, variability of climatic and working conditions, and the use of complex mixtures of pesticides makes biological and environmental monitoring in agriculture, and therefore risk assessment and management, very complicated. A need of pointing out alternative risk assessment approaches, not necessarily based on measures, but simple, user-friendly and reliable, feasible also in the less advanced situations and in particular in small size enterprises, arises. More

Smokers are smoking less
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Fewer American adults are smoking cigarettes, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Also, daily smokers are smoking fewer cigarettes each day, it says. More

Risk factors for respiratory work disability in a cohort of pulp mill workers exposed to irritant gases
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The association between chronic respiratory diseases and work disability has been demonstrated a number of times over the past 20 years, but still little is known about work disability in occupational cohorts of workers exposed to respiratory irritants. This study investigated job or task changes due to respiratory problems as an indicator of work disability in pulp mill workers occupationally exposed to irritants. More

Remediating buildings damaged by dampness and mould for preventing or reducing respiratory tract symptoms, infections and asthma
The Cochrane Library    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Moisture damage is a very common problem in private houses, workplaces and public buildings around the world and has been associated with adverse respiratory symptoms, asthma and respiratory infections of inhabitants. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of remediating buildings damaged by dampness and mould in reducing or preventing the occurrence of respiratory tract symptoms, infections and symptoms of asthma. More

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Increase in asbestos related cancer among DIY home renovators
The University of Western Australia    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A third wave of asbestos-related cancer has emerged among home renovators, according to latest research at The University of Western Australia's School of Population Health. The study published in the September issue of the Medical Journal of Australia has found a sharp increase in the number of malignant mesothelioma cases in Western Australia over the past decade as a result of home renovation/do-it-yourself (DIY) activities involving building products containing asbestos. More

EU-OSHA launches landmark project to facilitate risk assessment in Europe's small enterprises
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Officially launched at the XIX World Congress on Safety and Health at Work in Istanbul, the Online interactive Risk Assessment (OiRA) project marks the first initiative at EU level to facilitate workplace risk assessment. Developed by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), the innovative tool will help Europe's 20 million micro and small enterprises to improve safety and health for their workers by assessing risks through an easy-to-use and cost-free Web application. More

Long-term sickness absence among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
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Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with high levels of occupational disability. Consecutive out-patients at a chronic fatigue syndrome treatment service were studied for associations between occupational status, symptom severity and cognitive and behavioral responses to symptoms. All patients had high symptom levels; however, those on long-term sickness absence had significantly more physical fatigue and worse sleep. Patients with long-term sickness absence also demonstrated more embarrassment avoidance cognitions and avoidance resting behavioral responses. Identifying and addressing avoidance behaviors and cognitions regarding embarrassment in interventions may enhance the chances of individuals returning to work More

The effect of 90 day administration of a high dose vitamin B-complex on work stress
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Occupational stress is increasing in Western societies and the impact is significant at a personal, organisational and community level. The present study examined for the first time the efficacy of three  months administration of two forms of high dose vitamin B complex on mood and psychological strain associated with chronic work stress. More
Science in the News is brought to you as an information service. The articles contained herein do not necessarily represent the views of ACOEM.
Science in the News
Colby Horton, Vice President of Publishing, 469.420.2633   Download media kit
Jennifer Maddox, Senior Content Editor, 469.420.2613   Contribute news
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