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In this issue:

Active Voice: Sitting, Standing, Physical Activity and Health
Today is Earth Day; Celebrate by being Physically Active
Register for Annual Meeting By Tomorrow to Save!
Policy Corner: MARC Travel Awards Announced for the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 61st Annual Meeting
ACSM: Proud Partner of U.S. Medical Soccer Team
Legacy Recognition of a Distinctive ACSM Staff Member: Valerie Bragg, Administration Coordinator
Don't Miss Free Online Content from Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®
Sports Medicine & Exercise Science Headlines


Active Voice: Sitting, Standing, Physical Activity and Health
By Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Ph.D., FACSM

Dr. Peter Katzmarzyk is a physical activity and obesity epidemiologist. His research focuses on the public health impact of physical inactivity, obesity and sedentary behavior across the lifespan. Dr. Katzmarzyk is currently a Professor and the Associate Executive Director for Population and Public Health Sciences at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. At the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, he holds the Marie Edana Corcoran Endowed Chair in Pediatric Obesity and Diabetes.

This commentary presents Dr. Katzmarzyk’s views on the topic of a research article which he published in the May 2014 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise® (MSSE).

Over 60 years of epidemiological, clinical and basic science research support the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, which call for 150 minutes of weekly moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for adults. More recently, scientists have developed an interest in understanding the health effects associated with the low end of the human movement spectrum — namely sedentary behavior. A dozen or more cohort studies from several countries document a positive association between sitting and the risk of premature mortality, even after statistically controlling for levels of leisure-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. The results generally support the notion that sedentary behavior and “physical activity” should be considered as distinct, potentially independent behaviors. One could easily imagine a situation where someone is meeting the physical activity guidelines but spending a large fraction of the day sitting.

If physical activity is good and sitting is bad, what about standing? The results of my study, recently reported in MSSE, indicate a significant negative association between time spent standing and the risk of mortality in a large sample of Canadian adults. People who reported standing “almost all of the time” had a 33% lower risk of all-cause mortality over 12 years compared to people who reported standing “almost none of the time”, even after controlling for a number of covariates including leisure-time physical activity. There was a dose-response relationship, such that successively lower mortality rates were observed at successively higher levels of daily standing. The relationship between standing and mortality was significant only among adults who were not meeting the physical activity guidelines. Taken together, the results suggest that standing is a healthy, low-energy expenditure activity among physically inactive adults.

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ActivEarth: Improve Your Health, Improve the Earth

Today is Earth Day! Since 1970, Earth Day has been recognized to increase awareness about the environment and to encourage conservation efforts. In 2013, more than 500 million people in 175 countries will observe Earth Day. Throughout the years, Earth Day has played a key role in environmental awareness and action efforts.

ACSM's ActivEarth initiative is dedicated to promoting active transportation through accessible and safe walking and biking options as a means to better health, improved environments, and sustainable economies at the personal and at a global level. ACSM will be partnering with other government and key organizations to advance this initiative. To celebrate Earth Day, consider active transportation — increased walking and bicycling for transportation — to help the environment and improve your health.

Can't ride your bike to work? Try incorporating one of these active transportation activities:

  • Walk to a meeting or shopping trip of one mile or less
  • Use the stairs instead of using the elevator/escalator
  • Walk or cycle with your children to school
  • Tour your community or block with family or friends.
See more about ACSM's ActivEarth program here, and watch for future issues of SMB for additional ActivEarth programming.

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Register for Annual Meeting By Tomorrow to Save!

Attend the most comprehensive sports medicine and exercise science conference in the world. With 12 topical tracks, including Exercise is Medicine®, attendees of more than 70 disciplines come together from around the globe to share new clinical techniques, scientific advancements and cutting-edge research in sports medicine, exercise science, physical activity and public health. Register by tomorrow, April 23, for maximum savings.

New and exciting for 2014 — ACSM is offering a focused meeting series within the overall conference that enhances basic science programming. This series will be differently themed each year, but always focused on a progressive area of molecular and cellular research with integrative and translational dimensions, highlighting cutting-edge basic science research that has far-reaching application: bench-to-bedside, bench-to-sideline, or bench-to-sidewalk. For 2014, attendees will benefit from a don't-miss complementary program that highlights the role of inflammation in the future of medicine and the prevention of injury and disease from the cell to the system. Check out the 2014 Preview Program, or go to the Annual Meeting website to register today.

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Policy Corner: MARC Travel Awards Announced for the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 61st Annual Meeting

FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American College of Sports Medicine 61st Annual Meeting, 5th World Congress on Exercise is Medicine and World Congress on the Role of Inflammation in Exercise, Health and Disease in Orlando, FL from May 27-31, 2014. These awards are meant to promote the entry of students, post doctorates and scientists from underrepresented groups into the mainstream of the basic science community and to encourage the participation of young scientists at the 61st ACSM Annual Meeting. This year the MARC Program conferred 72 awards totaling $133,200. The FASEB MARC Program is funded by a grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health. A primary goal of the MARC Program is to increase the number and competitiveness of underrepresented groups engaged in biomedical and behavioral research.

To view the list of award recipients, please visit FASEB's website.

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ACSM: Proud Partner of U.S. Medical Soccer Team

ACSM supports the enthusiasm and mission of the U.S. Medical Soccer Team as they head to the nation's capital Aug. 25-27 to advocate before Congress, train for the July 15 World Medical Football Championship in Brazil, and conduct soccer and fitness clinics with groups like the Washington, DC Boys & Girls Club. The U.S. Medical Soccer team lives the principles of Exercise is Medicine!

The coach and team will be on Capitol Hill the morning of Aug. 25 and conducting a clinic that afternoon at the Boys & Girls Club. Their practices are at Georgetown University on Friday, April 25th (12-3 p.m.) and at School of the Holy Child in Potomac, MD, on Saturday, April 26 (5-8 p.m.) and Sunday, April 27 (9 a.m.-12 noon).

The U.S. Medical Soccer Team is an organization of physicians from around the country who share a passion for soccer, medical education and community outreach. They represent the United States at the World Medical Football Championships ("Physicians' World Cup"), which is an annual tournament of similar physician teams from around the world. The players also participate in the Global Congress on Medicine and Health in Sport, which is a medical conference bringing together our international cohort of physician soccer players and occurs in parallel with the championships. This year's tournament and Congress will be held in Natal, Brazil, from July 5-12, 2014.

Keep up with our U.S. team:

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Legacy Recognition of a Distinctive ACSM Staff Member: Valerie Bragg, Administration Coordinator

ACSM benefits from the contributions of a talented and dedicated staff, and we like to note milestones of their service. Valerie Bragg, Administration Coordinator has been a valued asset to the College for 15 years. Valerie began her career with ACSM on April 26, 1999.

Valerie makes numerous contributions to the office of the Executive Vice President and to the overall College with the coordination of schedules, conference calls, minutes and constant important updates.

We invite those who know Valerie to thank her for 15 years of service to ACSM. (Contact:

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  100% Online Master's in Exercise Science

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Don't Miss Free Online Content from Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®

Check out two free featured articles from the recent issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®. MSSE, ACSM's flagship monthly journal, is the leading multidisciplinary original research journal for members. Each issue features original investigations, clinical studies and comprehensive reviews on current topics in sports medicine and exercise science.

The free featured articles for this issue include, "Effect of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Vaccine Efficacy in Older Adults” and "Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Lipid-Effector Molecules of the Innate Immune Response." The articles are available free-of-charge on the journal's website until May 14, so download your copies today.

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Report: Bikers, Walkers Make for Healthier Cities
USA Today
Levels of obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes are lower in cities where a higher percentage of commuters bicycle or walk to work, and cities where drivers get used to sharing the road with bikers and walkers generally have lower rates of pedestrian and bike fatalities.

Those are among the findings of a report released Wednesday that is based on data from 2011 and 2012, from the Alliance for Biking and Walking. The Washington, D.C.-based non-profit's Benchmarking Report biennially documents bicycling and walking trends in all 50 states, in the nation's 50 most populous cities and in 17 mid-size cities.

They found that Memphis (36.8%) and Detroit (33%) have the highest levels of obesity among large cities and also some of the lowest bicycling and walking rates — 2.1% and 3.4%, respectively. Conversely, San Francisco and Oakland had the lowest combined obesity rate at 18.6% and above-average walking and biking rates, 13.1% for San Francisco and 6.7% for Oakland.

However, the trend didn't hold true for all cities: New Orleans, Baltimore, Philadelphia and Chicago are among the top 15 cities for walking and biking commuters but also have above-average obesity rates.

Mississippi and Alabama have the highest statewide levels of both high blood pressure and diabetes; they also have bicycling and walking levels below the national average, the Alliance report says.

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Sidelined: How Safe are Kids' Sports?
Nick News
On April 15th, Dr. Michael Bergeron, Executive Director of NYSHSI, was featured on Nick News with Linda Ellerbee: "Sidelined: How Safe are Kids' Sports?" during the original airing on Nickelodeon. Click here to view the full episode.
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Sports Medicine Bulletin

Sports Medicine Bulletin is a membership benefit of the American College of Sports Medicine. There is no commercial involvement in the development of content or in the editorial decision-making process for this weekly e-newsletter. The appearance of advertising in Sports Medicine Bulletin does not constitute ACSM endorsement of any product, service or company or of any claims made in such advertising. ACSM does not control where the advertisements appear or any coincidental alignment with content topic.

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