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Home   Join/Renew   Certification   Member Services   Education   Research   Foundation Oct. 12, 2010

In this issue:

Active Voice: Cancer Survivors Need Us -- A Call to Action for the ACSM Community
ACSM’s Globalization Efforts Emphasized by CELAFISCS and RAFA-PANA Partnerships
Policy Corner: Changes to NIH Peer Review Earn Mixed Reviews
ACSM, Medscape Launch Online Resource Center for Exercise and Sports Medicine
Register Now for The Brain and Neck in Boxing and Related Sports – Nov. 4-6, 2010
Science in the News: Updates from Scientific American Magazine
Sports Medicine & Exercise Science Headlines

Active Voice: Cancer Survivors Need Us — A Call to Action for the ACSM Community
By Kathryn Schmitz, Ph.D., MPH, FACSM    Share    Share on
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Active Voice is a column by experts in science, medicine and allied health. The viewpoints expressed do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Kathryn Schmitz, Ph.D., FACSM, is a senior scholar with the Center for Epidemiology & Biostatistics and Associate Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Schmitz’s research centers on the role of physical activity in the etiology, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation from chronic diseases, with primary focus on obesity and cancer. Dr. Schmitz was a key contributor on the expert panel that developed the recent ACSM roundtable consensus statement on Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors.

Should cancer patients exercise while undergoing treatment? Should those who have completed cancer treatment return to exercise? Is it safe? How much? What kind? How soon after treatment? These questions have been addressed in an emerging body of scientific literature recently reviewed in the consensus document that resulted from the ACSM Roundtable on Exercise Guidelines for Cancer Survivors, published in July in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.

Challenges in answering the above-posed questions arise partly out of the disparate training and goals of those who provide curative cancer treatments (e.g. oncologists) versus those who prescribe exercise (e.g. sports medicine clinicians, certified fitness professionals). For example, the medical oncologist is trained to understand the physiologic effects of chemotherapy, but likely has no training on the integrative physiologic effects of deconditioning or exercise training. By contrast, the average certified fitness professional has limited knowledge of the systemic effects of chemotherapy drugs on the physiologic systems that are used by and affected by exercise training. In practice, the medical oncologist would be responsible to pick up the pieces if an overzealous fitness professional guided a patient in a manner that led to overtraining, threatening the ability of the patient to withstand curative treatments. Quite understandably, the medical oncologist seeks to protect the patient so that curative care can be delivered without interruption from other physiologic challenges. With this in mind, it is not particularly surprising that their primary concern regarding exercise among cancer patients is safety.

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ACSM's Globalization Efforts Emphasized by CELAFISCS and RAFA-PANA Partnerships
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On Thursday, Oct. 7, ACSM and O Centro de Estudos do Laboratório de Aptidão Física de São Caetano do Sul (CELAFISCS) formalized a partnership committed to continuing the progress and expansion of global initiatives such as Agita Mundo, Exercise is Medicine® and the Physical Activity Network of the Americas (RAFA-PANA). CELAFISCS is an internationally recognized academic and research center focused on physical activity, sports and health across the lifespan.

Additionally, ACSM is now accepting applications for the international 2011 RAFA-PANA Award, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). The RAFA-PANA Award recognizes international individuals interested in gaining technical expertise and/or scientific knowledge through an international exchange program.

Award recipients (who must be citizens of RAFA-PANA countries other than the U.S. and Canada) must travel to an institution in the U.S. or Canada to complete their proposed activity, which should advance the goals of RAFA-PANA. Applicants must also have the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree and come from a discipline recognized by ACSM. ACSM membership is not required for this award. Visit the ACSM website to apply for this award.

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Policy Corner: Changes to NIH Peer Review Earn Mixed Reviews
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Scientists pursuing federal funding for their research pay close attention to any modifications in rules or processes governing peer review at the National Institutes of Health. In 2007, NIH began a process that has led to significant changes necessitated, according to NIH, by the “increasing breadth, complexity, and interdisciplinary nature of modern research.” The results include revised policies for application length, criteria and scoring, among other changes. The goal, says NIH, is to engage the best reviewers, improve the quality and transparency of review, and ensure balanced and fair reviews.

On behalf of ACSM and 22 other member organizations, the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) praised one change and suggested another in an Oct. 6 letter to Dr. Antonio Scarpa of the NIH Center for Scientific Review. William Talman, M.D., president of FASEB, lauded the new requirement that reviewers include a paragraph explaining their scoring of each research proposal. “This change,” he said, “will encourage reviewers to provide more specific information on the strengths and weaknesses of a proposal and enable applicants to make informed decisions as to whether or not to revise their proposals for resubmission or to submit an entirely new application.”

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ACSM, Medscape Launch Online Resource Center for Exercise and Sports Medicine
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This summer, Medscape and ACSM teamed up to launch a one-of-a-kind Exercise and Sports Medicine Resource Center online. This comprehensive collection, which is housed on the Medscape from WebMD website, offers valuable sports medicine information for specialists, primary care physicians and other health professionals.

The center features articles, videos and expert commentaries that aid in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of sports-related injuries. To view any of these resources or for more information, check out the Exercise and Sports Medicine Resource Center online (note: requires free registration).

Register Now for The Brain and Neck in Boxing and Related Sports — Nov. 4-6, 2010
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Don’t miss your chance to meet legendary boxer and trainer Buddy McGirt at The Brain and Neck in Boxing and Related Sports conference, which will be held Nov. 4-6 at the Omni Orlando Resort at ChampionsGate in Orlando. Register before Oct. 21, and you’ll get 30 percent off your registration. Use discount code “ringside” to redeem this special offer.

This meeting, which is the Annual Medical Conference of the American Association of Professional Ringside Physicians (AAPRP), is a must-attend for sports medicine professionals interested in preventing and treating brain and neck injuries from contact sports and looking for CME opportunities.


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Science in the News: Updates from Scientific American Magazine
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The October issue of Scientific American contains several articles on leading-edge advancements and trends in the scientific community:
  • In Science We Trust: Poll Results on How You Feel about Science – A web survey of readers suggests that the scientifically literate public still trusts its experts—with some important caveats.
  • How We Are Evolving – New analyses suggest that recent human evolution has followed a different course than biologists would have expected.
  • Revolution Postponed – The Human Genome Project has failed so far to produce the medical miracles that scientists promised. Biologists are now divided over what, if anything, went wrong—and what needs to happen next.

Exercise and Science Headlines

Headlines include recent stories in the media on sports medicine and exercise science topics and do not reflect ACSM statements, views or endorsements. Headlines are meant to inform members on what the public is reading and hearing about the field.


Walk This Way: U.S. Out of Step with Weight Loss
USA Today    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
We'd really rather take a taxi.

American adults walk less than adults in some other countries with lower obesity rates, according to a new study in the October issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.

Researchers compared 1,136 U.S. adults wearing pedometers with adults involved in similar studies in Australia, Japan and Switzerland. The mean number of steps Americans take in a day is 5,117, compared with 9,695 for Australians, the walking leaders among the four countries.

Study: Brain Damage Possible without Concussion Symptoms
The Indianapolis Star    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A new Purdue University study examining high school football players who suffer hits to the head is raising questions about the long-term safety of the sport's participants.

Purdue researchers who monitored the helmets of 21 Lafayette Jefferson High School players found that players may be damaging their brains even if they have not been diagnosed with a concussion.

"If I had a son playing football, I'd watch him closer," said Dr. Dan Kraft, co-director of the Indiana Sports Concussion Network and director of Riley Sports Medicine, after reviewing the information that is being published online this week in the Journal of Neurotrauma. "I wouldn't say it's gotten to the point (of not having young athletes play football, but) I might (give his son a cognitive) test during the year to see where he's at, even if he hasn't had any symptoms."

Seven Cyclists Are Investigated in 'Shock' Anti-Doping Tactics in Spain
Bloomberg    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail
Seven cyclists are being investigated by Spanish anti-doping authorities in “shock tactics” to counter cheating, a government official said, a week after Tour de France winner Alberto Contador was suspended.

Two of the seven are “in the final phase” of disciplinary proceedings, Albert Soler, general director of the government’s sports unit, told a conference in Madrid today. He didn’t identify the riders or give details of their cases. Contador isn’t among the seven, he added.

“These are shock tactics to avoid what’s happening in the world of cycling,” Soler said. The seven were targeted with surprise drug tests after they had unusual readings in their so- called biological passports, which monitor blood parameters like hemoglobin, he added.
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