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The Anxiety and Depression Conference
Anxiety and Depression Association of America
The Anxiety and Depression Conference, ADAA’s annual meeting held in Chicago at the end of March, was ADAA’s largest meeting. “It is incredible to see so many young people at the meeting. They are the future. Experiencing 20 percent growth over last year is promising for the field” said ADAA president, Mark Pollack. The breadth of topics and quality of the content was outstanding. ADAA recorded over a dozen sessions now available to download or purchase as DVD and earn CE credits. Recordings are available here.
“It takes many people to pull together a quality meeting. We could not do it without member volunteers” said Pollack.
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RESEARCH AND PRACTICE NEWS
What happens in your brain when you have a panic attack?
It happens to the best of us: an onslaught of emotions that quickens your heartbeat, cranks up perspiration and blurs vision.
Panic attacks are, according to health experts, exceedingly common. Some experience them once or twice in their lifetime; others have them whenever they’re speaking in public or preparing for an important phone call. In severe cases, sufferers may feel like they’re choking or coming close to fainting.
Anxiety, depression may influence quality of acute myocardial infarction care
Medscape (free subscription)
Patients with anxiety or depression who are hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction are less likely to receive cardiac catheterization and subsequent angioplasty or bypass surgery than their mentally well counterparts, a new cross-sectional study suggests.
"It's a concern that these patients with anxiety and depression are not getting what is considered the standard of care," study coauthor Jeffrey Bennett, M.D., a psychiatrist at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, told Medscape Medical News.
A common brain pathway for anxiety and social behavior
Impaired social interaction is a common feature in autism, schizophrenia, depression and anxiety, and it contributes to many of the problems that people with these conditions face. That is particularly true for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, of whom about 40 percent are also diagnosed with anxiety.
A new study from Kay Tye’s laboratory at MIT found a circuit in the brain that might explain the link between impaired social interaction and anxiety in so many disorders. The circuit connects the amygdala, well known for its role in anxiety, with the hippocampus, important for learning, memory and emotional responses.
Predictors of suicidal ideation in fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia (FM) has been associated with a higher prevalence of suicidal behavior. Nevertheless, much remains unknown about suicide risk factors for this chronic pain disorder. In the present study, the relationship of suicidal ideation in FM with a number of sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables was analyzed.
Botulin injections may relieve major depression
Medscape (free subscription)
Just a single treatment with onabotulinumtoxinA (OBA), a botulinum toxin that is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for cosmetic purposes to treat frown lines, appears to ease depressive symptoms, new research suggests.
Results from the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial showed that OBA resulted in "significant and sustained" improvement in the depressive symptoms of patients with moderate to severe unipolar depression.
Smartphone game designed to reduce anxiety shows promise in study
Anxiety relief could be at your fingertips just by playing a game on your smartphone, new research suggests. Not just any game, though. A professor of psychology and neuroscience teamed up with app developers to design a game called Personal Zen that incorporates the latest science to clinically reduce anxiety levels while you play.
Balancing antidepressants' risks during pregnancy
Taking antidepressants during pregnancy has always involved a balancing of possible benefits and risks. But so does skipping the medication when a mom has depression.
A recent study looked at whether taking antidepressants during pregnancy might increase the risk of autism or developmental delays in a mother's child.
Effects of traumatic experiences, like depression, could be passed on to children
Researchers have found that adults exposed earlier in life to trauma experienced differing levels of short RNA production, with some running high and others running low compared to others who had led more carefree lives. In the lab, mice exposed to trauma earlier in life behaved noticeably different in comparison to others, losing their natural aversion to open spaces — somewhat “suicidal” in the mouse world — and displaying behaviors consistent with depression.
These symptoms were then passed to the next generation not by genetics per se but through the father’s sperm.
Depression can hike risk of heart failure by 40 percent
Moderate to severe depression increases the risk of heart failure by 40 percent, according to a new study.
“We found a dose-response relationship between depressive symptoms and the risk of developing heart failure,” said Lise Tuset Gustad, first author of the study and an intensive care nurse at Levanger Hospital in Norway. “That means that the more depressed you feel, the more you are at risk.”
Unipolar mania confirmed as distinct subtype of bipolar disorder
Unipolar mania is a distinct subtype of bipolar I disorder which, when accompanied by generalized anxiety disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, can predict transition to classic bipolar disorder, say U.S. researchers.
“Comorbid anxiety disorder is closely connected to a poor clinical course of bipolar disorder”, remark Andrew Nierenberg from Harvard Medical School in Boston, Mass., and colleagues in Depression and Anxiety.
Depression-causing protein identified
U-T San Diego
A potential new target for antidepressant therapy has been reported in a study published recently in Nature Medicine.
Elevated levels of a protein called REDD1 cause neuronal atrophy and anxiety and depressive behaviors in rats, according to the study. People with major depressive disorder also have elevated levels of this protein in the prefrontal cortex, as determined by postmortem examination, the researchers found.
Intranasal ketamine promising for treatment-resistant major depression
Results from a newly published study indicate that intranasal ketamine spray can produce a rapid and sustained antidepressant effect within 24 hours, and was well tolerated in a small group of patients with treatment-resistant major depressive disorder.
This is the first study to show benefits with an intranasal formulation of ketamine. Previous research has indicated that intravenous ketamine may have a role in helping patients with major depressive disorder and suicidal ideation.
Study: ICU-related depression often overlooked
HealthDay News via Philly.com
One-third of patients admitted to an intensive care unit develop depression that causes physical symptoms rather than the typical psychological signs, a new study finds.
As a result, their condition may go undiagnosed and they may not get needed help, the research suggested. The physical signs of depression included weakness, changes in appetite and fatigue, the researchers said.
Preschool depression strong predictor of later MDD
Medscape (free subscription)
Depressive syndrome in preschoolers is a stronger predictor than several other major risk factors for major depression in later childhood, a new study shows.
"These findings suggest that the preschool diagnosis is a stronger predictor of later major depression than maternal history of depression or traumatic life events," investigators, led by Joan L. Luby, M.D., of Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, wrote.
Young dads are at risk for postpartum depression
Young dads can develop depressive symptoms over their first few years of fatherhood, according to a new study.
Men who entered into fatherhood at around age 25 saw a 68 percent increase of depressive symptoms over their first five years of being dads — if they lived at the same home as their children.
The study, which was published in the journal Pediatrics, looked at 10,623 young men who were participating in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.
How are depression and memory loss connected?
Past research has long indicated that depression is a big risk factor for memory loss in aging adults. But it is still unclear exactly how the two issues are related and whether there is potential to slow memory loss by fighting depression.
A preliminary study conducted by researchers from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and the School of Nursing, and published in the 42nd edition of Psychoneuroendocrinology in April, delves more deeply into the relationship between depression and memory loss, and how this connection may depend on levels of insulin-like growth factor, or IGF-1.
About Anxiety & Depression Insights
This news brief is a timely update about anxiety disorders and depression sent to members of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America and other professionals interested in this area. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of the reader. External resources are not a part of the ADAA website, and ADAA is not responsible for the content of external sites. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by ADAA of the sponsors of the site or the information presented on the site. For more information about ADAA, visit www.ADAA.org.
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