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Childhood cancer survivors risk future GI problems
HealthDay News via U.S. News & World Report    Share   Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Children who survive cancer face an increased risk for gastrointestinal complications later on, a new study suggests. The findings highlight the increased need for long-term surveillance of GI problems among childhood cancer survivors, the researchers said. "Current treatments have dramatically increased survival rates for children with cancer, but we know that many cancer therapies — including surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy — can cause significant gastrointestinal complications for patients," study senior author Dr. Lisa Diller, director of the Perini Family Survivors Center at the Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center, said Dana-Farber. More

Parents of kids with cancer may have difficulty to enroll in pediatric cancer trials
Health Jockey    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Parents of kids with cancer seem to face hardships in giving consent for participation in scientific investigations, or at least the following piece of information suggests so. A latest study commenced by the Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center suggests that as compared to adult cancer patients, parents of children with cancer are more likely to be dissatisfied with the informed consent process for participating in clinical trials. It was affirmed that parents agreed to their children's enrollment in treatment trials because they feel hurried in making the decision. More

Better coping strategy for mothers of cancer-stricken children
Psych Central    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
It's the kind of news that a mother fears the most — learning that her child has been diagnosed with cancer or another serious illness. Along with the intense strain and worry over the health of her child, a mother also faces the uphill battle of managing the day-to-day stresses of the disease, as well as providing comfort and strength to other siblings. Effective coping strategies are key to a mother's mental and physical health, and a new certified intervention promises to provide a better approach to address this need going forward. The findings of a study presented at the 42nd Congress of the International Society of Pediatric Oncology revealed that an intervention now known as Problem-Solving Skills Training has proven more effective for long-term treatment than other methods currently accepted in the industry today. More

Use anemia drugs for cancer patients with caution, experts say
HealthDay News via Bloomberg Businessweek    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Physicians need to use caution when giving a class of drugs called erythropoiesis-stimulating agents to cancer patients who have anemia caused by chemotherapy, according to new medical guidelines. And with rare exceptions, ESAs should not be given to cancer patients who are not receiving chemotherapy, according to joint guidelines issued by the American Society of Hematology and the American Society of Clinical Oncology. ESAs (marketed as Procrit, Epogen and Aranesp) stimulate the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells but are associated with shorter survival and increased risk of blood clots and tumor progression, the guidelines noted. More

Children at high risk for severe illness or death should get influenza vaccination priority
Medscape Medical News    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Children at high risk for severe illness or death, including ethnic minorities and those with specified preexisting disorders, should get influenza vaccination priority, according to the results of a study in the Lancet. "Young people (aged 0-18 years) have been disproportionately affected by pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection," write Sir Liam Donaldson, MBChB, former chief medical officer for England and now chair of the National Patient Safety Agency, United Kingdom, and Nabihah Sachedina, M.D., former clinical advisor to Sir Liam at the U.K. Department of Health. More

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Study: Strength training for children works safely
Reuters Life!    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail
Regular workouts with free weights or exercise machines can help children and teenagers boost their muscle strength, in some cases by as much as 40 percent, according to a German review of recent studies. Although strength training was long thought to pose an injury risk for school-age children and adolescents, studies in recent years have shown there is actually no greater risk than with other types of exercise or sports — and in some cases, less. In addition, benefits in the form of decreased body fat, increased bone density, and boosting performance and limiting injury risk in other sports, generally outweighed any risks. More

Should health care workers be required to get flu vaccinations?
Science News via U.S. News & World Report    Share    Share on
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Nurses and other health care workers at Children's Hospital and Medical Center in Omaha, Neb. — many of whom had routinely skipped getting flu vaccinations — have changed their tune. Over the past several years, the hospital has instituted some new policies. Staffers, for example, are now required to sign an explicit form if they decline vaccination, acknowledging the possibility that not getting immunized could spread the flu virus to children. But the real kicker came when workers who passed up the vaccination were required to wear surgical masks throughout the flu season, says physician Archana Chatterjee of Creighton University in Omaha, Neb. In recent years, the rate of employee vaccination has risen from about half to 97 percent. More

Performance measures may not be informative
MedPage Today    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Information intended to help patients identify hospitals with better outcomes following high-risk operations may not be very useful, researchers found. In a study of Medicare data, there was no difference in risk-adjusted post-surgical mortality between hospitals with varying levels of compliance on selected measures of care, according to Lauren Nicholas, PhD, of the Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation in Ann Arbor, and colleagues. Similarly, there were no differences in the occurrence of surgical site infections or venous thromboembolic events, the researchers reported in Archives of Surgery. More

UK study shows H1N1 killed 70 children in 9 months
Reuters    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Scientists studying swine flu have found that 70 children died from it in England in a nine month period during the H1N1 pandemic and death rates were worst among ethnic minority children and those with other health problems. In a study in the Lancet medical journal, Liam Donaldson, the former Chief Medical Officer for England, said children from the country's Bangladeshi and Pakistani communities had much higher mortality than white British children, as did children with serious pre-existing illnesses — especially chronic neurological diseases such as cerebral palsy. These high-risk groups should be a priority for H1N1 vaccination, Donaldson and his research team said. More
APHON Week in Review
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