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Sept. 21, 2011
Volume: II
Number: 37
National Society of Black Physicists    African Physical Society    South African Institute of Physics   African Astronomical Society   
Africa could host the world's most powerful telescope
The Guardian    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The Australian/New Zealand and African teams have made their final submissions for their competing bids to host the Square Kilometer Array. In the last few weeks Australia has been touting that has less radiofrequency interference, and that it has a history of radio astronomy productivity as well as stable democratic governance. South Africa asserts that its site is just as radio-quiet, has more available infrastructure at the telescope's site, including stable grid-power, lower cost of construction and the world-class results its project team has achieved in system design. South Africa also touts the political, social and economic transformations on the continent that are already being catalyzed by the SKA project. More

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Bismuth ferrite domains may improve solar cells
Optics and Photonics News    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The photovoltaic mechanism by which a ferroelectric material generates high voltages could help create better solar cells. Bismuth ferrite forms domains with opposite electrical polarizations. By studying thin films researchers were able to understand how photovoltage accumulates their periodic domain pattern that leads to higher voltages than bismuth ferrite's bandgap. More

Supermassive black holes
The Academic Minute    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
VideoBriefChris Impey of the University of Arizona explores ancient light in an effort to better understand the life cycle of supermassive black holes. More

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Physicists create brightest gamma-ray on Earth
Science Daily    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
The brightest gamma ray beam ever created — more than a thousand billion times more brilliant than the sun — has been produced in research led at the University of Strathclyde. The beams are so intense they can pass through 20 centimeters of lead and would take 1.5 meters of concrete to be completely absorbed. The pulses are so ultrashort that the beam can be used to capture the response of a nucleus to stimuli, making the rays ideal for use in lab-based study of the nucleus. More

The physics of exotic soap bubbles
The Telegraph    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Developments in the study of neutrons — a building block of all matter — may help us understand the Big Bang, writes Roger Highfield. More

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Tsunami puzzle explained
American Physical Society    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A tsunami normally consists of multiple waves, and in some cases, the first wave is not the tallest or the most damaging. A computer simulation reported in Physical Review Letters explains why the secondary waves can wash farther onshore than the initial wave. These later waves can be amplified by a resonance effect if each wave arrives at the beach just after the previous wave has receded. More

Masters of the Universe:
National Society of Black Physicists

Graphene bubbles could make better lenses
Physics World    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A tiny bubble of graphene could be used to make an optical lens with an adjustable focal length. That is the claim of Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov — who shared the 2010 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovery of graphene. In work published in Applied Physics Letters, they have shown that the curvature of such bubbles can be controlled by applying an external voltage. More

Algeria plans further growth for science
Science Development Network    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Algeria is pressing ahead with further increases to its science budget, according to a report presented by the Ministry for Scientific Research at a meeting chaired by the country's president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika. The budget has already increased to 1 percent of gross domestic product — three times what it was five years ago — and this is expected to increase to 1.2 percent next year, notes the report. More

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South Africa and Mauritius agree to build low-frequency array telescope    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
South Africa's Minister of Science and Technology, Naledi Pandor, met with her counterpart from Mauritius, Rajesh Jeetah, and agreed that the two countries would construct a radio telescope array in preparation for the Square Kilometer Array. Dubbed the Multifrequency Interferometry Telescope for Radio Astronomy, the project will aim to do extremely wide-field imaging with heterogeneous noncoplanar arrays. More

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Quantum simulation hits the open road
American Physical Society    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
One of the most important practical applications of a quantum computer would be the simulation of other quantum systems. Until now, the possibility of an accurate simulation had been rigorously demonstrated only for closed quantum systems — those with no decoherence or dissipation due to interactions with an environment. In Physical Review Letters, physicists in Germany have shown that open quantum systems — those which interact with an environment — can also be efficiently simulated with quantum computers. More

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Senate panel restores James Webb Space Telescope funding    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A U.S. Senate panel has proposed giving NASA's James Webb Space Telescope about $150 million more for 2012 than the White House requested for the overbudget project, which appropriators in the House of Representatives voted this summer to cancel. The additional funding for JWST amounts to a 40 percent increase for the project and is part of a 2012 spending bill approved Sept. 14 by the Senate Appropriations commerce, justice, science subcommittee. More

US Senate panel recommends 3 percent reductions in NIST, NSF and NASA
American Institute of Physics    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail
"These are regrettable reductions that will result in real consequences." So state the members of the Senate Commerce, Justice and Science Appropriations Subcommittee in describing recommended reductions of approximately 3 percent that were made to the FY 2012 budgets of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation and NASA. More

National Society of Black Physicists jobs board postings
NSBP    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Assistant Professor, Physics Department at MIT
Assistant Professor of Physics
Assistant Professor of Physics & Astronomy
Tenure Track Assistant Professor of Experimental Physics
Tenure Track Assistant Professor, Physics
Auburn University Facutly Position in Expermental Laboratory Plasma Physics
Alonzo W. Ashley Internship Program - LCLS Area Physicist Assistant Intern
Alonzo W. Ashley Internship Program - Operations Engineering Intern
Assistant Professor in Astrophysics, posting #814540
Faculty Position in Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences at the University of Michigan
Assistant Professor, Astrophysics
High Voltage Development Engineer II
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor (Experimental Biophysics)
AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellowships
Faculty Position in Experimental Condensed Matter Physics
Assistant Professor, Experimental Ultrafast/High Field AMOP Physics
Jansky Fellow
Director, National Radio Astronomy Observatory
Assistant Professor Physics and Astronomy

Advice for graduate students
Inside Higher Education
Steven Stearns offers some insight and advice for graduate students. Know thyself and know thy advisor. More

More advice for graduate students
Inside Higher Education
So much comes down to good writing skills. Steven Stearns offers some tips on how to write well and write strategically. More

Overcoming the imposter syndrome
At one time or another nearly every graduate student and new faculty member wonders about his or her competence. This is a common fear often referred to as the impostor syndrome. The impostor syndrome runs rampant in academia — and women are especially prone to it. How do you get over the impostor syndrome? Easier said than done. More

Ready. Set. Go. Transitioning from college to graduate school
Compared to your undergraduate education, graduate school is faster paced. Professors expect a lot of work to be done, and there's a lot less hand-holding. More

Latest research from Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
NSV 11154 is a new Coronae Borealis star

Detectability of GRB optical afterglows with Gaia satellite

Erratum: 'Orbital-Period Variations and Photometric Analysis for the Neglected Contact Binary EH Cancri' (PASP, 123, 895, [2011])

Holographic measurement and improvement of the Green Bank Telescope surface

Image co-addition with temporally varying kernels

Latest research from Quantum Electronics
IOP Journal    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail

Deep-UV generation in an SBO crystal with an irregular domain structure

New method of comparison for electron temperature measurements in plasmas using X-ray spectra of heavy elements

Possibilities of improving the performance of an autonomous cw chemical DF laser by replacing the slot nozzles by the ramp ones in the nozzle array

Peculiarities of spike multimode generation of a superradiant distributed feedback laser

Roadband superluminescent diodes and semiconductor optical amplifiers for the spectral range 750—800 nm

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