Progressive decline in child, maternal mortality since 1990
HealthDay News via Physician's Briefing
Although many countries are progressing in reducing maternal and child mortality, only a small number of developing countries will achieve Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, 4 or 5 by 2015, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in The Lancet. Rafael Lozano, M.D., from the University of Washington in Seattle and colleagues updated estimates of maternal and child mortality to track the progress of MDGs 4 and 5
using additional surveys, censuses, vital registration and verbal autopsy data.
Remark on HPV vaccine could ripple for years
The New York Times
Millions of new infections occur each year, and researchers think that at least half of all adults have been
infected at some point in their lives. The genital region is teeming with HPV, and any kind of intimate contact —
not just intercourse — can transmit the virus. In most people, HPV is harmless: The immune system fights it off.
But in some people, for unknown reasons, the viruses persist and can cause cancer.
Although the HPV vaccine was
initially approved in 2006 to prevent cervical cancer, more recent data has shown that HPV also causes cancers of
the penis, anus, vagina, vulva and parts of the throat. Many scientists think that the vaccine can prevent those
diseases as well.
Merck joins global fight to help save women's lives during pregnancy and childbirth
BusinessWire via MarketWatch
Merck for Mothers joins global community to apply scientific and business expertise in support of the United
Nations' goal to decrease the maternal mortality ratio by 75 percent. Merck, known as MSD
outside the United States
and Canada, announced that it will join United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and heads of state at the UN
to launch "Merck for Mothers," a long-term effort with global health partners to create a world where no woman has
to die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth.
SGI Call for Abstracts deadline: Friday, Oct. 14, 2011
Gamers crack AIDS puzzle
Medical News Today
In what might be a significant breakthrough in HIV/AIDS research, online gamers playing a game called Foldit have
cracked a key protein structure problem that has had scientists scratching their heads for years. And the gamers
did it in three weeks. You can read a scientific account of how researchers recruited Foldit players to work on the
modeling problem and ultimately solve the crystal structure of M-PMV retroviral
protease in a paper published
recently in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology.
Cesareans not necessarily end to vaginal delivery
San Francisco Chronicle
Women who live in the Bay Area have the highest rates in California of delivering their babies vaginally after
previously having undergone a cesarean section, according to statewide data released recently. "Once a cesarean,
always a cesarean" used to be the dictum physicians followed in the 1960s and 1970s. But since then, leading health
and physician groups have determined delivering vaginally after undergoing a C-section can
be safe if the hospitals
and doctors are equipped to handle any potential problems.
Mother with 2 wombs has twins, defying 1-in-5 million chance
Medical News Today
A mother has given birth to two babies, delivered from two separate uteruses, at Morton Plant Hospital in
Clearwater, Fla. Fraternal twins, Nathan and Natalie Barbosa, born on Sept. 15, are doing well and delighting their
parents Andreea Miguel Barbosa of Clearwater, Fla. Andreea Barbosa has uterus didelphys, or double uterus, a rare
condition where the double uterus has two separate cervices, and often a double vagina as
Pregnancy weight gain affects child's future weight
Pregnancy weight gain can affect the weight of the child, according to new epigenetic studies. Epigenetics is an
emerging science that shows how changes in DNA are passed from mother to child.
Making laws about making babies
The New York Times (Opinion)
In America, one sperm donor can have 150 or more offspring. Other nations have not allowed this. Should the U.S.
emulate their stricter laws? Robert G. Brzyski, chairman of the American Society for
Reproductive Medicine ethics
committee, is a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Texas Health Science Center in San
Antonio and is the director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility wrote, "Any discussion of
donor gamete regulation should begin with a few considerations: First, that any rules should reflect the interests
of all of the parties involved, namely gamete donors, intended parents, commercial entities and the donor-conceived
individuals. And second, that the government plays a role already, through the FDA guidelines for infectious
disease prevention. This system incorporates both screening of donors and testing of donations."
Study: For varicose veins, quicker treatment just as good
To many mothers, it's just not fair. Nine months of pregnancy, giving birth to a child, and then there's a lasting,
unwelcome reminder of the experience: Varicose veins. The bulging, often painful
swelling of blood in the legs can
be treated, and a new study confirms that a less invasive method — widely available for about five years –
also is slightly better at preventing varicose veins from returning. The findings were published recently in the
Archives of Dermatology.
Embryo testing stokes concern over designer babies
The era of designer babies may be closer than most people think, one of Canada’s leading figures in reproductive
medicine is warning. New techniques that test each and every chromosome in human
embryos for abnormalities and
screen for hundreds of genetic diseases, are opening the door to a new era in assisted procreation — one that
Canadians have not even begun to grapple with, says Dr. Roger Pierson, director of the Reproductive Biology
Research Unit at the University of Saskatchewan.
Hysterectomies not well understood by US women
HealthDay News via WFMJ-TV
Although there are more hysterectomies in the United States than in any other industrialized nation in the world,
many American women do not have a clear understanding of the procedure and how it will
affect their bodies,
according to a new study.