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Kids, cancer and clinical trials: Parents are confused
TIME    Share   Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Fifty years ago, a diagnosis of childhood leukemia meant you needed to start planning your child's funeral. Now it's got an 85 percent cure rate, largely due to advances attributed to information gleaned from pediatric clinical trials. Yet those same pediatric cancer trials that are such a treasure trove of data are also causing parents of the sick kids considerable angst. Unlike adult cancer patients, the majority of pediatric cancer patients — or, more accurately, their parents — are asked to take part in a clinical trial. About 80 percent of parents accept. Each year, about 10,000 children are diagnosed with cancer, although it's the second leading cause of death for children between the ages of 5 and 14, after accidental injuries. More

Program benefits childhood cancer survivors    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
It takes a lot of courage and strength to endure childhood cancer. Now, thanks to a program from The National Children's Cancer Society, childhood cancer survivors can get some help in realizing their dreams. The program was developed three years ago and awards scholarships to childhood cancer survivors. The scholarships not only provide survivors with the monetary support needed to continue their education, but help them realize that their dreams are still within reach. Applicants are asked to write an essay that explains how cancer has affected their life and future goals. More

Study finds gene links to common lymphoma cancer
Reuters    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Scientists have found three new gene variations linked to the development of Hodgkin lymphoma, one of the most common cancers in young adults, and say the findings should help in the development of better treatments. Around a quarter to half of all cases of Hodgkin lymphoma, a type of cancer originating from white blood cells called lymphocytes, are thought to be triggered by infection with Epstein-Barr virus, but the disease can also develop in patients who have never been exposed to the virus. Scientists had suspected genetic factors might be involved, since having a family history of the disease increases risk, but until now they had not been able to identify any specific genetic risk factors. More

Knowledge gaps, fears common among parents of children with drug-resistant bacteria
Infection Control Today    Share    Share on
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Knowledge gaps and fear — some of it unjustified — are common among the caregivers of children with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, according to the results of a small study from the Johns Hopkins Children Center. These caregivers thirst for timely, detailed and simple information, the researchers add. The study's findings, published online in the Journal of Pediatrics, underscore the need for health care staff to do a better job in educating parents, while also addressing concerns and allaying fears, the investigators say. More

Senate panel examining how chemicals in daily life affect kids' health
CNN    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
A Senate subcommittee will examine how chemicals that Americans are exposed to in daily life might be harming the health of children, including those developing in the womb. Witnesses scheduled to appear at the Senate Subcommittee on Superfund, Toxics and Environmental Health hearing include Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Lisa Jackson and CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Sanjay Gupta, M.D. More

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Nurse practitioners do much medically
San Antonio Express-News    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Nurse practitioners are registered nurses who hold advanced degrees and practice in a variety of settings, from hospitals and doctors' offices to school clinics and nursing homes. In Texas, a controversial movement is afoot to enlarge the scope of the health care services they can provide, one opposed by the Texas Medical Association and many doctors, although some physicians are supportive. More

Nurses with advanced degrees to play key role in transforming health care system
The San Francisco Chronicle    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
More than three million nursing professionals will play a vital role in transforming the U.S. health care system to attain the objectives set forth in the 2010 Affordable Care Act — legislation that represents the broadest health care overhaul since the creation of the Medicare and Medicaid programs. As more hospitals seek to earn the coveted Magnet recognition where nursing delivers excellent patient outcomes, many hospitals have already begun requiring that nurses either return to school for their bachelor's degree or have a BSN before applying. This new trend reinforces the concept that advanced nursing degrees result in better patient care for improved patient outcomes. More

Does childhood radiation lead to stillbirths or neonatal deaths?
American Academy of Pediatrics    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Researchers from several U.S. institutions used the Childhood Cancer Survival Study registry to study the impact of cumulative radiation exposure on pregnancy outcomes among childhood cancer survivors. CCSS cohort members who were under age 21 years at the time of cancer diagnosis from 1970 to 1986 at 26 North American centers were included if they survived at least five years after diagnosis. All singleton live births and stillbirths between 1971 and 2002 were included. The cumulative radiation treatment doses absorbed by the testes, uterus, ovaries, and pituitary gland were determined for each patient. Treatment with mutagenic chemotherapy drugs such as cisplatin and dacarbazine was evaluated as a key potential confounder. More

Extending daylight could boost health, help planet
Reuters    Share    Share on FacebookTwitterShare on LinkedinE-mail article
Putting the clocks back in winter is bad for health, wastes energy and increases pollution, scientists say, and putting an end to the practice in northern areas could bring major health and environmental benefits. Countries across Europe, the United States, Canada and parts of the Middle East mark the start of winter by ending Daylight Saving Time and putting their clocks back by an hour — often in late October or early November — a move that means it is lighter by the time most people get up to start their day. But this also robs afternoons of an hour of daylight, and some experts argue that in more northern regions, the energy needed to brighten this darkness, and the limits it puts on outdoor activities are harming our health and the environment. More
APHON Week in Review
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