In college football, most turf toe cases occur in games, on artificial surfaces
from Lower Extremity Review
A Stanford University study suggests that turf toe injury rates in collegiate football players are lower than expected, possibly as a result of improvements in synthetic turf technology. Analyzing data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s Injury Surveillance System for five football seasons (2004-2005 to 2008-2009), the researchers found the overall incidence of turf toe injury was .062 per 1000 athlete-exposures.
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