ELL writing skills: Cultural patterns stand out
from By: Douglas Magrath
Culture and writing go together — and writing patterns reflect the L1 culture. Many ESL writers follow a rhetorical pattern in their L1 that differs from English rhetorical patterns. As the ESL student attempts to communicate, he or she draws upon the L1 database and communication strategies. The first language may substitute for English when the writer or speaker has to produce but has not acquired enough English to do so. Let's take a look at some examples of writing in various cultures.
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