Biomechanics and physiology of uphill and downhill running
from The American Journal of Sports Medicine
Most running studies have considered level running, yet the regulation of locomotor behaviour during uphill and downhill running is fundamental to increase our understanding of human locomotion. The purpose of this article was to review the existing literature regarding biomechanical, neuromuscular and physiological adaptations during graded running. The effects of slope on biomechanics, muscle contraction patterns and physiological responses have important implications for injury prevention and success of athletes engaged in graded running competitions.
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