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In this issue:

Active Voice: Over-emphasizing the Athletic Dream Now Could End Up Killing
  the Dream Later
Remembering the Extraordinary Contributions to Exercise Physiology of Bengt
  Saltin, M.D., Ph.D. (1935 - 2014)
Surgeon General, ACSM Members Speak Prior to U.N. Climate Summit
VP NiCole Keith Represents ACSM at Apple Event in Cupertino; New Health
  and Fitness Tech Featured
Blair, Drinkwater receive Lifetime Achievement Awards from PCFSN
Part II: ACSM Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist Name Change Open to Comment
Sports Medicine & Exercise Science Headlines


Active Voice: Over-emphasizing the Athletic Dream Now Could End Up Killing the Dream Later
By Michael F. Bergeron, Ph.D., FACSM and John DiFiori, M.D., FACSM
Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of ACSM.

Michael F. Bergeron, Ph.D., FACSM, is executive director of the National Youth Sports Health & Safety Institute and professor of pediatrics at Sanford School of Medicine, the University of South Dakota. He is a past trustee of ACSM and currently a member of the Medical Advisory Committee for Pop Warner Little Scholars, Inc. that provides youth football and cheer & dance programs with an emphasis on maintaining academic standards. Dr. Bergeron also serves on the academic advisory board for the International Olympic Committee’s postgraduate diploma program in sports medicine.

John DiFiori, M.D., FACSM, is a professor in the Departments of Family Medicine and Orthopaedics, and Chief of the Division of Sports Medicine and Non-Operative Orthopaedics at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA. He also serves as head team physician for the UCLA Department of Intercollegiate Athletics.

Within the last few weeks, we have seen exhilarating images of youth dreams coming true on the smiling faces of the players in this year’s Little League World Series (LLWS) as the media presented us with unprecedented coverage of the event. So, it’s hard not to think about and embrace a seemingly logical connection and prospective pathway from Williamsport to next month’s World Series of Major League Baseball. But, is that the likely destiny for many or even any of these young LL players? Are the stars of the LLWS already on a predetermined and inevitable pathway to success in the Major Leagues?

A young girl hurling 70 mph fastballs on national television is a captivating story and certain to inspire many young baseball players. Likewise, some well-intentioned parents may encourage their kids to work harder, longer and more often on their skills, expecting the same level of achievement they witnessed repeatedly on the news and sports channels highlights. However, excessive training sessions and too much competition can be especially problematic for a vulnerable, young and still developing body.
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Remembering the Extraordinary Contributions to Exercise Physiology of Bengt Saltin, M.D., Ph.D. (1935 - 2014)

From David L. Costill, Ph.D., FACSM, ACSM president 1976-77; John and Janice Fisher professor emeritus of exercise science at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana —

"Bengt and I first met in 1971 when he invited me to spend a year of research with him and Phil Gollnick in Stockholm, Sweden. By that time Bengt was already established as a giant in the field of exercise physiology. The scope, depth, publication and presentation of his research are legendary. But, his real legacy may be as a mentor of young scientists. For me, the time spent with Bengt was life-changing. He was unquestionably the most outstanding exercise physiologist of the last 60 years."

From Howard "Skip" Knuttgen, Ph.D., FACSM, ACSM president 1973-74; Harvard University Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts —

"I first met Bengt Saltin in the autumn of 1959. Bengt was a medical student in Stockholm working with P.-O. Åstrand. I was visiting from the University of Copenhagen, where I was a Fulbright Scholar with Erling Asmussen. Already, one could sense the intellectual curiosity, devotion to science and intense drive for which he became known. This began our 55-year relationship that combined scientific collaboration with sincere friendship. We will miss him."

Dr. Saltin's passing was announced in the September 16 issue of SMB.

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  New LC7 for Performance Testing

Monark Sports & Medical bikes are designed and built in Sweden by Monark Exercise AB with focus on testing and training in Medicine, Sports, Healthcare and Rehabilitation. Monark has over 100 years of experience in bicycle production. A tradition that has yielded know-how, experience, and a real feel for the product and quality.

Surgeon General, ACSM Members Speak Prior to U.N. Climate Summit
Yesterday, ACSM brought together an extraordinary set of speakers to address the intersection of physical activity, health and the environment on the eve of the U.N.'s Climate Week. The event was co-hosted by ACSM, the Public Health Institute, the Global Climate and Health Alliance and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It focused on the health benefits of climate mitigation and the pathway toward a sustainable and healthy future. Acting U.S. Surgeon General Boris Lushniak and Dr. Richard Horton, editor of The Lancet, led a dynamic program that engaged thought leaders across multiple sectors, including food and agriculture, transportation and community design and energy and air pollution. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy and Donna Shalala, former secretary of Health and Human Services, were also in attendance.

Past President Janet Rankin, Ph.D., FACSM also publicly launched the ActivEarth program during the event. ActivEarth is a cross-sector initiative focused on making it easier for the population to be physically active through safe and accessible active transportation, while also reaping the cobenefits related to health, the environment and sustainable economies. ActivEarth will bring together a variety of thought leaders and organizations to strategically address and emphasize the critical role of physical activity for planetary health and sustainability. Click here to watch an interview with Janet about the ActivEarth announcement, and visit the ActivEarth website at

This civil society event was co-sponsored by:
  • American Heart Association
  • American Lung Association
  • American Public Health Association
  • Communications Coordination Committee for the United Nations
  • Consortium of Universities for Global Health
  • Health Care Without Harm
  • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • New York Academy of Medicine
  • Pan American Health Organization
  • The Lancet
  • Trust for America's Health
  • World Health Organization
Visit the event website to learn more about the program. Stay posted for a video recap, which will be released in mid-October and posted on the website.

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VP NiCole Keith Represents ACSM at Apple Event in Cupertino; New Health and Fitness Tech Featured
ACSM Vice President NiCole Keith, Ph.D., FACSM, attended Apple's special event on September 8 in Cupertino, California, on behalf of the college. During the much-anticipated event, Apple announced the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus as well as a new wearable device, the Apple Watch. As mobile technology continues to evolve, personal health and fitness tracking is also becoming more sophisticated. The next update to Apple's operating system, iOS 8, will feature HealthKit, a selection of health and fitness apps for tracking workouts, sleep, nutrition, weight and weight loss, heart rate, monitoring blood sugar and more. This technology enables individuals to take charge of their own health and fitness — which is a big step in the right direction as the rate of obesity in the United States continues to creep higher than 30 percent. Jay Blahnik, Apple's director of health and fitness technologies, told Keith that research published by ACSM has helped inform Apple's new technology, and as Apple continues to develop cutting-edge physical activity technology, the company's developers also will continue to follow research in our journals related to sedentary behavior and health. ACSM looks forward to additional discussion about the intersection between health and technology.
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Blair, Drinkwater Receive Lifetime Achievement Awards from PCFSN
Two past presidents of ACSM were honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award from the President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition (PCFSN) last Tuesday during the organization's annual meeting. Dr. Steven N. Blair, an acclaimed research scientist, and Dr. Barbara L. Drinkwater, renowned researcher of female exercise physiology, were presented with this prestigious award.

Presented annually since 2007, the Lifetime Achievement Award is given to individuals whose careers have greatly contributed to the advancement or promotion of physical activity, fitness, sports and nutrition-related programs nationwide. Recipients are selected by members of PCFSN based on the span and scope of an individual's career, the estimated number of lives they have touched and the impact of their legacy.

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Part II: ACSM Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist Name Change Open to Comment
ACSM's Committee on Certification and Registry Boards (CCRB) has taken on an ambitious strategic planning project with the overriding goal of moving the profession forward. An important component of the project is the consistency of ACSM certification titles; as a result, the CCRB Executive Council is evaluating a change of the current title of ACSM Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist to ACSM Certified Clinical Exercise Physiologist in an effort to establish a protected title to improve recognition of degreed exercise professionals who are ACSM certified. Before finalizing the process the CCRB is putting the issue up for comment. If you are interested in reviewing the proposal and making a comment, please send an email to to request a link to the public comment survey.
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To Make the Most of a Workout, experts Say Set the Proper Pace
Whether the goal is to finish a marathon, polish a tennis game or make the most of that hour at the gym, fitness experts say pacing can spell the difference between success and stagnation.

Setting the proper workout pace, or the distribution of energy during exercise, deflects boredom and fatigue, syncs body and mind, and enables the everyday exerciser to keep pushing the envelope.

Dr. Kevin G. Thompson, author of “Pacing: Individual Strategies for Optimal Performance,” believes how people prepare their bodies and minds for activity is limited by their lack of understanding about how to pace the exercise.

"Unless the athlete knows what the ideal pace is, how can he or she train properly to improve performance?" said Thompson, director of the Research Institute for Sport and Exercise at the University of Canberra, Australia.

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Hourly 5-Minute Walks 'Reverse Arterial Damage Caused by Sitting'
Medical News Today
The harm to leg arteries caused by sitting for hours can be easily reversed with hourly 5-minute walks, according to new research published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®, the official journal of the American College of Sports Medicine.

Sitting for prolonged periods is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic disease, such as higher cholesterol levels and greater waist circumference. Because muscles are slackened when sitting, they do not contribute to pumping blood to the heart. This causes blood to pool in the legs, damaging the endothelial function of arteries and impairing blood vessels' ability to expand.

In the new study, 11 healthy, non-obese men aged between 20 and 35 years took part in two randomized trials.

In the first trial, the participants were required to sit for 3 hours without moving their legs. How well their femoral artery - the large artery in the thigh - was functioning was measured using a blood pressure cuff and ultrasound technology. Readings were taken before the study commenced, and at the 1, 2 and 3-hour marks.

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