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2016 Abstracts Due October 12
Submit an abstract before the Oct. 12, 2015 deadline. Share your knowledge for the benefit of the transplant nursing community. Questions about abstract submission? Contact Olivia Schmit, Education Administrator, at email@example.com.
Call for law change to address heart transplant shortfall
In a paper published in the Medical Journal of Australia, Deakin University Law School lecturer Dr Neera Bhatia and Deputy Director of the Intensive Care Unit at Royal Children’s Hospital Associate Professor James Tibballs write that the word ‘irreversible’ in the law that defines death is a stumbling block to opening up the potential number of hearts available for transplant.
Donor and patient age more important in determining kidney transplant success
Infection by virus cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common and major complication following kidney transplantation. Previous studies have related CMV infection with increased kidney transplant failure and reduced patient survival. However, a new study published in the American Journal of Physiology — Renal Physiology reports that the age of the donor and the recipient, not CMV infection, are more important factors in determining transplant success.
Psychiatric aspects of organ transplantation and donation
Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals typically assist with evaluating and treating psychiatric and behavioral issues in transplant candidates, recipients, and living organ donors. In this review recent findings on specific psychiatric issues in adult solid organ transplant candidates and recipients, as well as living donors are discussed as well as their relevance to clinical practice.
Cell transplantation procedure may one day replace liver transplants
Liver transplantation is currently the only established treatment for patients with end stage liver failure. However, this treatment is limited by the shortage of donors and the conditional integrity and suitability of the available organs. Transplanting donor hepatocytes (liver cells) into the liver as an alternative to liver transplantation also has drawbacks as the rate of survival of primary hepatocytes is limited and often severe complications can result from the transplantation procedure.
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Delaware mandates that students study organ donation
By Chelsea Adams
Delaware has become the latest state to mandate that students study organ donation as part of health education classes.
The move is intended to dispel myths surrounding organ donation and potentially decrease the number of Delaware residents on organ waiting lists, which include some 300 people waiting for livers and kidneys.
Increasing organ donation after cardiac death in trauma patients
The American Journal of Surgery
Organ donation after cardiac death (DCD) is not optimal but still remains a valuable source of organ donation in trauma donors. The aim of this study was to assess national trends in DCD from trauma patients. A 12-year (2002 to 2013) retrospective analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing database was performed. Outcome measures were the following: proportion of DCD donors over the years and number and type of solid organs donated.
Minimal improvement in glomerular filtration rate in the 1st year after
Renal function is an important predictor of liver transplantation (LT) outcome. This study examines the change in glomerular filtration rate in the first year after LT, with subgroup analysis by baseline GFR, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), age, sex, race and diabetes/hypertension.
Fatty liver a drag on organ transplant
The increasing rates of fatty liver disease — an excess build-up of fat around the liver, which could eventually progress to inflammation and end-stage liver disease — is a global phenomenon, which has been in evidence in Kerala too in recent years.
At a time when deceased donor organ transplantation has caught on in the State in a major way, the rising prevalence of fatty liver disease could have a significant impact on the number of viable donor livers available for transplant, surgeons fear.
Donor hemodynamics as a predictor of outcomes after kidney transplantation from donors after cardiac death
American Journal of Transplantation
Donation after cardiac death is an important source of transplantable organs, but evidence suggests donor warm ischemia contributes to inferior outcomes. Attempts to predict recipient outcome using donor hemodynamic measurements have not yielded statistically significant results. We evaluated novel measures of donor hemodynamics as predictors of delayed graft function and graft failure in a cohort of 1050 kidneys from 566 donors.
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Burnout in transplant nurses
Progress in Transplantation
Burnout is a response to chronic strain within the workplace and is common across nursing professions. Little has been published about burnout in organ transplant nurses. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of the 3 main components of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment) in organ transplant nurses and to examine factors that contribute to the development of burnout in transplant nurses.
New technique bodes well for lung transplant success rate
Our bodies have developed a particularly unforgiving immune response when a threat is posed to our lungs. This is great for warding off illness, though is something of a double-edged sword regarding transplants, with the recipient's body often perceiving the incoming organ as a threat and seeking to destroy it. But a new approach known as ex-vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) promises to boost the success rate of such procedures, by both repairing unhealthy donor lungs that wouldn't otherwise make the grade and reducing the chances of rejection once it is implanted.
Psychosocial predictors of mortality following lung transplantation
American Journal of Transplantation
Lung transplantation has become an increasingly common treatment for patients with end-stage lung disease. Few studies have examined psychosocial risk factors for mortality in transplant recipients, despite evidence suggesting that elevated levels of negative affect are associated with greater mortality following major cardiac surgery. We therefore examined the relationship between negative affect early after lung transplantation and long-term survival in a sample.
Liver transplantation from living donors with Gilbert's syndrome is a safe procedure for both donors and recipients
Clinical Transplantation (login required)
Liver transplantation (LT) has become a favorable therapeutic option for patients with end-stage liver diseases. Gilbert's syndrome (GS) is a benign condition characterized by intermittent mild jaundice due to unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. It is not obvious whether living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) from a donor with GS could result in a normal outcome for both the recipient and the donor.
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