ASCLS eNewsBytes
Jan. 26, 2010

First U.S. stem cells transplanted into spinal cord
CNN
For the first time in the United States, stem cells have been directly injected into the spinal cord of a patient, researchers announced. Doctors injected stem cells from 8-week-old fetal tissue into the spine of a man in his early 60s who has advanced ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. It was part of a clinical trial designed to determine whether it is safe to inject stem cells into the spinal cord and whether the cells themselves are safe.More

Tracking MRSA evolution and transmission: Revolutionary strategy for control and prevention of infection
Science Daily
For the first time, researchers have shown how transmission of MRSA from one person to another can be precisely tracked in a hospital setting. The team have developed a remarkable new method that can "zoom" from large-scale inter-continental transmission events to the much finer detail of person-to-person infection of MRSA within a single hospital.More

Haiti to move homeless from capital in bid to stave off disease
The Toronto Star
Within days, the government will move 400,000 people made homeless by Haiti's epic earthquake from their squalid improvised camps throughout the shattered capital to new resettlement areas on the outskirts, a top Haitian official said. Authorities are worried about sanitation and disease outbreaks in makeshift settlements like the one on the city's central Champs de Mars plaza, said Fritz Longchamp, chief of staff to President Rene Preval.More

Leukaemia cell 'breakthrough' offers treatment hope
BBC
Scientists believe they have made an important breakthrough in attempts to treat a form of childhood leukaemia. Australian researchers found that a cell, which plays a key role in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, survives radiotherapy.More

Glioblastoma multiforme has four distinct molecular subtypes
Medscape Medical News
Glioblastoma multiforme has 4 distinct molecular subtypes, according to new data emerging from The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network. The different subtypes show varying responses to aggressive chemotherapy and radiotherapy, with a difference of around 50 percent between the subtypes. The new findings, published in Cancer Cell, could eventually lead to more personalized approaches to therapy.More

Salami recalled in multistate salmonella outbreak
Los Angeles Times
A Rhode Island meat company recalled 1.24 million pounds of pepper-coated salami, after officials conducting a months-long, multistate investigation of a salmonella outbreak compared shopping receipts of those who got sick. The recall by Daniele Inc. comes amid an outbreak that has sickened 184 people in 38 states since July.More

Marker associated with genetic tendency for aggressive prostate cancer
Medscape Medical News
A genetic variant has been found that has a consistently higher association with aggressive prostate cancer than with indolent prostate cancer, according to a new study reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "Identifying factors that are associated with a risk of having or developing aggressive disease is urgently needed to reduce over-diagnosis and over-treatment of this common cancer," said coauthor Karim Kader, MD, PhD, a Wake Forest Baptist urologist specializing in prostate cancer, in a news release.More

Study finds face masks and hand hygiene can help limit influenza's spread
Infection Control Today
Ordinary face masks and hand hygiene can effectively reduce the transmission of influenza-like illness during flu season. The finding comes from a new study, now available online, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.  In an influenza pandemic, vaccination may not be initially available, and antiviral prescribing may be limited, which is why scientists need to understand how effective other measures are in preventing influenza.More